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Tuesday, 20 October 2015

Prostate Problems


The prostate is a small gland about the size of a walnut, located below the urinary bladder of men and surrounds the urethra (the tube through which urine passes out of the body). It has an important function in male reproduction. After the age of 50 years, prostate problems are very common. Due to the action of the male sex hormone, the prostate enlarges. Prostatic enlargement is benign in most individuals. However, the enlargement can also attain malignant proportion in some patients.

Some problems that a man may face related to prostate are:

  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia
  • Acute bacterial prostatitis
  • Chronic bacterial prostatitis
  • Chronic prostatitis
  • Prostate cancer

Symptoms of enlarged prostate can include:
  • A weak or slow urinary stream
  • A feeling of incomplete bladder emptying
  • Difficulty starting urination
  • Frequent urination
  • Urgency to urinate
  • Getting up frequently at night to urinate
  • A urinary stream that starts and stops
  • Straining to urinate
  • Continued dribbling of urine
  • Returning to urinate again minutes after finishing

For cancer that has not spread from the prostate to other parts of the body, your doctor may suggest:
  • Watchful Waiting or Active Surveillance.
  • Surgery.
  • Radiation Therapy.
  • Hormone Therapy.

Signs that indicate a prostate problem are:
  • Frequent urge to urinate: you may feel like using the washroom again and again
  • Need to get up many times during the night to urinate
  • Not being able to urinate: Enlargement of the prostate may block the urinary tube, as a result one may not be able to urinate.
  • Blood in urine or semen
  • Painful or burning urination
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Frequent pain or stiffness in lower back, hips, pelvic or rectal area, or upper thighs
  • Dribbling of urine

For more information on BPH and prostate cancer and cures, visit our website Old Age Solutions, or follow us at Google+, Facebook, Twitter, and Youtube
Take Care!!

Monday, 19 October 2015

Cancer


Cancer is the second most common disease in India responsible for maximum mortality with about 0.3 million deaths per year. The causes of such high incidence rates of these cancers may be both internal (genetic, mutations, hormonal, poor immune conditions) and external or environmental factors (food habits, industrialization, over growth of population, social etc.)

Age is the strongest risk factor in the development of cancer. Though the relationship between cancer and ageing is unclear, the increased risk of cancer in old age is possibly due to: poor cellular repair mechanisms, activation of genes that stimulate cancer and suppression of genes that prevent cancer, decline in surveillance against cancer and life time exposure to carcinogens.

There are certain cancers which mostly occur after the age of 50 years. These include head and neck cancer and cancers of the female genital tract, upper and lower gastrointestinal tract, pancreas and prostate. Half of the breast and haematological malignancies are encountered after the age of 60 years.

TIPS FOR CANCER PREVENTION:

  • Maintaining a healthy weight can also reduce the risk of cancer.
  • Physical activity of at least 150 minutes of moderate intensity each day should be done by all adults.
  • Women over the age of 40 should have a screening mammogram every year till the age of 70 at least.
  • Various screening tests for example Flexible sigmoidoscopy every 5 years, Colonoscopy every 10 years, Double-contrast barium enema every 5 years, CT colonography (virtual colonoscopy) every 5 years, etc. should be used by both men and women after the age of 50 years.
  • Women aged 21 to 29, should have a Pap test every 3 years.
  • Every individual, irrespective of their age, should check their skin for new moles that are large, or irregular; contain more than one colour, or change colour.
  • Regularly visit you family doctor and ask for preventive measures.
  • Women over 20 years should have a clinical breast exam (CBE) regularly.
For more information on cancer, its causes and treatment visit our website Old Age Solutions, or follow us at Google+, Facebook, Twitter, and Youtube

Tuesday, 22 September 2015

Diabetes


Diabetes in the early stages can be difficult to detect. Someone in their Prediabetes stage may however notice that there:
  • More often Hungry
  • Weight is decreasing despite eating more
  • Thirst has increased
  • Frequency of going to the bathroom has increased
  • Energy levels have decreased.

All of those are common symptoms associated with diabetes, so you are likely to find them if you are suffering from it.

There are no fixed reasons because of which a person could be suffering from diabetes, however, there a few factors that might increase the risk of a person’s increase in blood sugar. They are:

  • Overweight
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Family history of diabetic patients.
  • Race or ethnicity
  • Old Age
  • Gestational diabetes
  • High blood pressure (hypertension) and high cholesterol

Tips for people suffering from diabetes

A registered dietician (RD) or certified diabetes educator (CDE) can help you create a meal plan that’s full of good-for-you and good-for-your-blood-glucose-level food. The goal of the meal plan is to control your blood glucose level and keep it in the healthy, normal range. Your meal plan will be made just for you, taking into account your overall health, physical activity, and what you like to eat.

Diabetes in older people cannot be diagnosed the same way as younger. Treating diabetes too aggressively can make seniors more prone to hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar. For frail older people with multiple conditions, the condition can be more dangerous than high blood glucose readings. Another reason to treat diabetes differently in older people: They may find it increasingly difficult to manage the daily monitoring, medications and dietary requirements.
Exercising tips for diabetes patients:

  • Exercise is safe—and highly recommended—for most people with type 2 diabetes including those with complications. Along with diet and medication, exercise will help you lower blood sugar and lose weight.
  • As long as you're totalling 30 minutes of exercise each day, several brief workouts are fine
  • Increase activity in general—such as walking or climbing stairs—rather than a particular type of exercise.
  • Too often, people overestimate the amount of exercise they get and underestimate the amount of calories they consume. (A step-counting pedometer can help.)
  • Working out with friends can be an important motivator, particularly for people over 60
  • Set specific attainable goals, like working out atleast 4 days a week.
  • Reward yourself for reaching the goals you set for exercising.
  • Putting up notes or motivational posters in the house could be used as a reminder for you to exercise.
  • Keep a record in a daily diary of you exercising goals and how much you exercised. Joining an activity class helps you to maintain regularity and also the members of the class could help you in case of an emergency.
  • Very high exercising goals could turn into demotivators rather than motivators.
  • You're more likely to be successful if you focus on changing one behavior at a time, rather than everything at once (like taking medication, checking your feet, switching your diet, and exercising).
  • For patients above 60 it is really important that they consult a doctor before exercising, or even exercise under supervision.
  • Test your blood sugar regularly.

For more such reads visit our website Old Age Solutions, or follow us at Google+, Facebook, Twitter, and Youtube

Wednesday, 19 August 2015

Eye Sight!!

After the age of 40, changes in vision start occurring. Difficulty seeing clearly for reading and close work is among the most common problems adults develop between ages 41 to 60. Presbyopia, normal aging change in the eye's focusing ability, continue to progress over time. However there are various factors that particularly increase the risk of a person to develop eye and vision problems. They are:
  • Chronic ailments such as diabetes or high blood pressure.
  • Family history of glaucoma or macular degeneration.
  • A highly visually demanding job
  • Work in an eye-hazardous occupation.
  • High cholesterol, thyroid conditions, anxiety or depression, and arthritis for which you take medications, many of which have ocular side-effects.

The most common eye problems that one can suffer from with age are:

  • Difficulty reading
  • Floaters.
  • Cataracts (gradual clouding of the eye's lens)
  • Glaucoma (an increase in pressure in the eye that leads to damage of the optic nerve)
  • Macular degeneration

Apart from regular eye tests and wearing the correct glasses, you can do several things to keep your eyes as healthy as possible:

  • Eat well. Eating plenty of vegetables and fruit will benefit your overall health and may help protect against some conditions such as cataracts and age-related macular degeneration
  • Wear sunglasses. Strong sunlight can damage your eyes and may increase your risk of cataracts. Wear sunglasses or contact lenses with a built-in UV filter to protect your eyes from harmful rays. Read more about protecting your eyes (and skin) from the sun.
  • Quit smoking. Smoking can increase your chances of developing conditions such as cataracts and AMD.
  • Stay a healthy weight. Being overweight increases your risk of diabetes, which can lead to sight loss. Check if you're a healthy weight.
  • Use good lighting. To see well, your eyes need three times as much light when you're 60 as they did when you were 20. Increase the daylight in your home by keeping windows clean and curtains pulled back. Make sure you have good electric lighting too, especially at the top and bottom of stairs so you can see the steps clearly. For reading or close work, use a direct light from a flexible table lamp, positioned so the light is not reflected by the page and causing glare.
  • Exercise. Good circulation and oxygen intake are important for our eye health. Both of these are stimulated by regular exercise. Read more about how much exercise you should do.
  • Sleep well. As you sleep, your eyes are continuously lubricated and irritants, such as dust or smoke that may have accumulated during the day are cleared out. Here are 10 tips to beat insomnia.

For more information and tips, log on to our website Old Age Solutions

Monday, 10 August 2015

Constipation!!

One of the most common things we see, certainly as people are getting into their 60s and 70s, may be a change in bowel habits, predominantly more constipation. Older people are five times more likely to complain about the symptom than younger people, possibly because of an undue concern about their bowel movement.

What Causes Constipation?
Doctors do not always know what causes constipation. It may be a poor diet, not getting enough exercise, or using laxatives too often. Reasons for constipation include:

  • Diet: Low fiber or high fat diet cause constipation.
  • Many older people don’t drink enough water and other fluids. Water and other liquids help people stay regular.
  • Using too many laxatives and enemas: Our body develops a habit of laxatives and as a result may forget how to work on its own. Heavy use of laxatives can cause diarrhea.
  • Lack of exercise. Inactivity or long periods in bed due to illness or following surgery may cause constipation.
  • Holding back bowel movements. Ignoring an urge to have a bowel movement can lead to constipation.
  • Medical conditions. Some problems, like stroke, diabetes, or a blockage in the intestines, can cause constipation. These disorders may affect the muscles or nerves used for normal bowel movements. A doctor can test to see if the problem is medical. Medical problems can often be treated. Another condition related to constipation is called irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). IBS is a common disorder of the intestines that involves pain, bloating, and constipation or diarrhea.
  • Medications. Some medicines can lead to constipation.


Just like any other health problem, prevention is the best medicine when it comes to keeping your digestion running smoothly. Here are a few tips that can help you protect your digestive health and your overall well-being:

  • Check your meds: Talk with your doctor to see if your medications could be causing any digestive symptoms.
  • Stay active. Exercising at least 30 minutes, 5 days week can help prevent many age-related health problems. It will also help keep you regular and decrease the risk for colon cancer.
  • Eat more fiber. Foods high in fiber, including fruits and vegetable, whole grains, and beans also tend to be high in nutrients and low in fat. High-fiber foods can help prevent constipation.
  • Drink plenty of fluids. 4 liters of water every day is recommended by doctors generally.
  • Manage your weight. Maintaining a healthy weight can decrease the risk of many health problems and hence reduce medications that may cause constipation.
  • Get regular health screenings. In old age, it is specifically more important to visit the doctor regularly and discussing about the health related problems.

For more information on constipation visit our website Old Age Solutions

Friday, 31 July 2015

Good Sleep!!


Few things in life are as desirable as a good night’s sleep. However, many older people find night-time as the worst part of the day. The sleep pattern changes as we grow old. The duration of sleep is shortened and the quality of sleep also becomes poorer. In addition, sleep may also be disturbed as a result of mental or physical illness.
THE EFFECT OF AGING ON SLEEP:
  1. As people age they tend to have a harder time falling asleep and more trouble staying asleep than when they were younger.
  2. Change in the sleeping patters occurs.
  3. Older people spend more time in the lighter stages of sleep than in the deeper stages.
  4. The time taken to fall asleep increases
  5. Older people tend to wake up more often during their sleep
  6. Physical or mental illness disturbs sleeping patterns.
  7. Sometimes the medication give to the older people for various diseases affects their sleep.
  8. The body of senior people feels tired early in the evening making them to fall asleep sooner and wake up earlier.
  9. With age, prevalence of insomnia also increases reducing sleep.
  10. Snoring increases which again disturbs sleep.
  11. The prevalence of restless legs syndrome increases with age and causes an irritable urge to move the limb which makes it difficult to sleep for some people at night.
  12. Chronic medical problems increase as we age which increase the sleep problems.
  13. Medical conditions such as diabetes mellitus, reOld Age Slnal failure, respiratory diseases such as asthma, and immune disorders are all associated with sleep problems and disorders.

Getting a good night’s sleep can make a big difference in the quality of life. The following are a few suggestions in this regard:

  1. Follow a regular schedule of going to sleep and getting up at the same time each day.
  2. Moderate physical activity 2 to 4 hours before bedtime may improve your sleep
  3. To adjust your internal sleep clock, get some exposure to natural light in the morning and afternoon each day
  4. Avoid drinking tea or coffee late in the evening and if you like a drink before bed, a glass of warm milk may help. Alcohol and smoking can make it harder to stay asleep.
  5. A lamp that’s easy to turn on and a telephone by your bedside may be helpful.
  6. The sleeping room should be dark, well-ventilated and quiet.
  7. Develop a bedtime routine. Do the same things each night to tell your body that it’s time to sleep like watching TV, reading a book or soaking the feet in warm water.
  8. Try not to worry about your sleep. Some people find that playing mental games is helpful.
  9. If snoring is keeping you up, try earplugs, a white-noise machine, or separate bedrooms.
  10. Limit the use of sleeping aids and sleeping pills.
  11. Satisfy your hunger prior to bed.
  12. Avoid big meals or spicy food just before bed time
  13. Take minimum liquid before bed time.

For more information on good sleep log on to our website Old Age Solutions

Sunday, 19 July 2015

Medicine: Dos and Don'ts


Medicine Dos...
  • Take medicines with food or just after (unless told otherwise) check the ingredients to avoid duplication.
  • Do stick to the same brands of medicine in repeat prescriptions.
  • Do see your doctor regularly to avoid unnecessary medicines.
  • Ensure that you have understood the directions for drug use
  • Tell your doctor or pharmacist about any drugs you are already taking; prescription, over the counter, complementary, alternative or recreational.
  • Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are pregnant, intend to become pregnant or are breastfeeding.
  • Tell your doctor or pharmacist about any allergic reactions you have had to previous medicines.
  • Medicines should be taken in the exact manner they have been prescribed.
  • Check for the effects of your medication
  • Ask the doctor for any food that you need to avoid if you are taking certain medication.
  • The timings of medication should be strictly followed
  • Store medicines in a cool, dry place and protect them from light or refrigerate them if advised to do so.
  • All medicines should be kept out of reach of children.
  • The full course of the medication should be completed.
Medicine Don’ts...
  • Taking medicines without the knowledge of the directions of use.
  • Leaving the medicine within the reach of children
  • Taking medicines without consulting the doctor especially when you are pregnant
  • Miss any doses
  • Once you’ve finished a course take any remaining back to the pharmacist for safe disposal. Do not stockpile them.
  • Changing medication schedule without consulting the doctor.
  • Taking same medicine as prescribed to someone else.
  • Taking more than the dose stated.
  • Sharing medicine with someone else.
  • Crush or break pills unless your doctor instructs you to do so.
  • Using expired medicines.
  • Storing medicines in sunlight or improper environment.

For more tips on managing medicines log on to our website Old Age Solutions